E-ISSN 2146-8362
 

Original Research 


The impact of examining VEGF-C expression, D2-40 based detection of LVI, and LVD on the Prediction of Lymph Node Metastasis in Endometrial Carcinoma.

Shaimaa Kamal Dawa, Omneya Youssef Bassyoni.

Abstract
Background: Background: Lymph node metastasis (LNM) is a main route of endometrial carcinoma (EC) spread and it plays a chief prognostic role. Our objective is to find LMN predictors through investigating lymph vessel invasion (LVI), and lymphatic vessel density (LVD), in addition to VEGF-C expression in the primary tumor site of the EC.
Material and Methods: A retrospective Immunohistochemical study applying VEGF-C and D2-40 antibodies on 40 EC cases, in addition to 20 cases of proliferative endometrium, and 20 cases with atypical endometrial hyperplasia as control groups. The studied cases were screened for expression of VEGF-C, D2-40- LVI, and LVD. Statistical analysis with the correlation of the findings to various clinicopathological parameters were achieved.
Results: Expression of VEGF-C was moderate to high in 87.5% of EC cases, only mild to moderate focal staining in atypical hyperplasia cases, and exclusively negative in proliferative endometrium cases. VEGF-C expression could independently predict LNM with sensitivity, specificity , PPV, NPV, and accuracy of (100, 51.6, 62.5, 100, 62.5%)respectively. D2-40-LVI detection system is more sensitive in predicting LNM in EC than routine H&E stained section. It was detected in 9/9of EC with LNM cases ,(sensetivity100%) compared to 7/9 cases detected by H&E staining (sensetivity77.8%). D2-40 -LVI detection system could predict LNM with sensitivity, specificity, PPV, NPV, and accuracy of (100, 67.7, 47.4, 100, 75%. )respectively. D2-40-LVI ,Peritumoral LVD, and VEGF-C expression showed a significant correlation to LNM (p<0.05) and each one of them can independently predict LNM (AUC = 0.839, 0.703, and 0. 758) respectively.
Conclusions: Evaluation of LVI, peritumoral LVD by D2-40, and VEGF-C expression in EC at the primary tumor site can predict LNM and helps the clinicians to select the patient who will need further lymphadenectomy.

Key words: LNM, Endometrial Carcinoma; VEGF-C; D2-40; LVI; LVD


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Dawa SK, Bassyoni OY, . The impact of examining VEGF-C expression, D2-40 based detection of LVI, and LVD on the Prediction of Lymph Node Metastasis in Endometrial Carcinoma.. J Interdiscip Histopathol. 2018; 6(2): 67-74. doi:10.5455/jihp.20181014075121


Web Style

Dawa SK, Bassyoni OY, . The impact of examining VEGF-C expression, D2-40 based detection of LVI, and LVD on the Prediction of Lymph Node Metastasis in Endometrial Carcinoma.. http://www.ejmjih.com/?mno=12694 [Access: May 27, 2019]. doi:10.5455/jihp.20181014075121


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Dawa SK, Bassyoni OY, . The impact of examining VEGF-C expression, D2-40 based detection of LVI, and LVD on the Prediction of Lymph Node Metastasis in Endometrial Carcinoma.. J Interdiscip Histopathol. 2018; 6(2): 67-74. doi:10.5455/jihp.20181014075121



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Dawa SK, Bassyoni OY, . The impact of examining VEGF-C expression, D2-40 based detection of LVI, and LVD on the Prediction of Lymph Node Metastasis in Endometrial Carcinoma.. J Interdiscip Histopathol. (2018), [cited May 27, 2019]; 6(2): 67-74. doi:10.5455/jihp.20181014075121



Harvard Style

Dawa, S. K., Bassyoni, . O. Y. & (2018) The impact of examining VEGF-C expression, D2-40 based detection of LVI, and LVD on the Prediction of Lymph Node Metastasis in Endometrial Carcinoma.. J Interdiscip Histopathol, 6 (2), 67-74. doi:10.5455/jihp.20181014075121



Turabian Style

Dawa, Shaimaa Kamal, Omneya Youssef Bassyoni, and . 2018. The impact of examining VEGF-C expression, D2-40 based detection of LVI, and LVD on the Prediction of Lymph Node Metastasis in Endometrial Carcinoma.. Journal of Interdisciplinary Histopathology, 6 (2), 67-74. doi:10.5455/jihp.20181014075121



Chicago Style

Dawa, Shaimaa Kamal, Omneya Youssef Bassyoni, and . "The impact of examining VEGF-C expression, D2-40 based detection of LVI, and LVD on the Prediction of Lymph Node Metastasis in Endometrial Carcinoma.." Journal of Interdisciplinary Histopathology 6 (2018), 67-74. doi:10.5455/jihp.20181014075121



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Dawa, Shaimaa Kamal, Omneya Youssef Bassyoni, and . "The impact of examining VEGF-C expression, D2-40 based detection of LVI, and LVD on the Prediction of Lymph Node Metastasis in Endometrial Carcinoma.." Journal of Interdisciplinary Histopathology 6.2 (2018), 67-74. Print. doi:10.5455/jihp.20181014075121



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Dawa, S. K., Bassyoni, . O. Y. & (2018) The impact of examining VEGF-C expression, D2-40 based detection of LVI, and LVD on the Prediction of Lymph Node Metastasis in Endometrial Carcinoma.. Journal of Interdisciplinary Histopathology, 6 (2), 67-74. doi:10.5455/jihp.20181014075121





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